This Helicopter Is Now On Mars!

5 237 074 Megtekintés

The Mars Helicopter, Ingenuity aims to make the first powered flight on another planet when it takes off on Mars. It has now landed and safely checked in with the rover. It should detach and fly within the first 30-60 days of the mission. I learned a lot getting to visit the drone right before it was mounted on the rover at NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena.
How do you fly in 1% of Earth's atmosphere:
Have large rotors (they are 1.2m in diameter) and spin them very fast, around 2500 RPM (5x the speed of a helicopter on Earth).
Plus the aircraft has to be light:
The Mars helicopter weighs in at 1.8kg or around the same as a laptop. Every piece had to be stripped down for weight. Instead of using aerogel for insulation, the craft makes use of CO2 gaps between components. Even aerogel was too heavy!
One of the major challenges is surviving the Martian night:
Temperatures plunge to -80C to -100C so two thirds of the craft's power is actually used to keep its electronics warm. Only one third is used for flying. The estimated flight time is 90 seconds.
The craft can't be driven remotely, it will have to fly autonomously, using its own sensor suite to determine how to fly. The round trip 20 minute delay with Earth means steering the craft from mission control would be impossible.
Huge Thanks to Patreon Supporters:
Philipp Volgger, Chris Vargas, Ron Neal, Alfred Wallace, Colin Bellmore, Michael Krugman, James Knight, Donal Botkin, Sam Lutfi, Mohammed Al Sahaf, Kevin Beavers, Chuck Lauer Vose, Bryan Baker, James Wong, kkm, Manuel Zürcher, Tige Thorman, Jasper Xin, Leah Howard, Daniel Milum, Mathias Göransson, Stan Presolski, Lyvann Ferrusca, Arjun Chakroborty, June Kang, Listen Money Matters, Pindex, Joar Wandborg, DALE HORNE, Parker Linn, Roberto Rezende
Jonny Hyman was a legend in editing, animation, filming, and sound design for this video.

  • So, they are spitting, touching, this device without proper protection to avoid microbial residue on another planet, interfering with future discoveries mixed with our microbia. am I crazy or something to think about this?

  • Also note that the speed of sound on Mars is lower than on Earth

    InCrIpTiOnInCrIpTiOn5 órája
  • I watched the prop test of this craft a year after this video was uploaded. Epic!

    Drone Dome FPVDrone Dome FPV8 órája
  • As a FPV Quadcopter pilot, this gets me all excited & nerded out.

    Drone Dome FPVDrone Dome FPV9 órája
  • Its not first drone Its first Air drone. Dont forget the satalites, the rovers and mini shuttles.

    Akaboy4lifeAkaboy4life12 órája
  • Nobody did it so I had too "MARSCOPTER GO BRRRRRR!!"

    Tabish SohailTabish Sohail14 órája
  • Good 😎

  • How does it cope with the extreme temperatures on Mars?

    Ragnar RagnarökRagnar Ragnarök19 órája
  • wonder how much cost tax payer that NASA have build bigger version of DJI drone? ;)

    Tomasz BudnikTomasz Budnik21 órája
  • better way is a cage around cause is it fall on side it finished

    Did3DDid3D23 órája
  • The first flight is going to take place day after tomorrow!!!!

    Mythili varadhan S rMythili varadhan S r23 órája
  • Would the speed of sound not be slightly altered if said speed is in a less dense atmosphere ? And would this not alter the speed at which the rotors are able to rotate?

    Rhineland NagelRhineland NagelNapja
    • The speed of sound does not depend on pressure, but it does depend on temperature and the elemental composition of gas. It will be -50C on Mars during the flights, and the atmosphere is largely carbon dioxide instead of mostly nitrogen on Earth. People at JPL know all that, and when they talk about the speed of sound, they mean the speed of sound on Mars.

      How Does it Really WorkHow Does it Really Work13 órája
  • The miniature stone exceptionally plan because niece historically paint pro a little octagon. glamorous, fuzzy anger

    stopasking questionsstopasking questionsNapja
  • The parsimonious success expectantly water because grandson usually punish qua a tiresome loan. glamorous, handy bugle

    Dirk SteveDirk SteveNapja
  • Great video, it was very cool to see and hear the creators of Ingenuity! But I really wish you would not have said that _"on Earth helicopters spin their blades at 500 rpm"_ (to contrast it with how fast Ingenuity's blades spin 1:45). It is indeed a very intuitive thing to say that Ingenuity flies in the thin atmosphere of Mars _"because its blades spin crazy fast"_ but the reality is much more subtle. The helicopters on Earth spin their blades in a very wide range of rpm, depending on the size of the helicopter -- from below 200 rpm for the large full size helicopters, to 8000 rpm for DJI drones. If we compare Ingenuity to the RC helicopters of equal size, we would see much more similar rpm. RC helicopters with the rotors of the same 1.2 meter diameter as ingenuity (550 or 570 class) spin their blades at 2000-2500 rpm and even faster for some aerobatic flying. This does not, of course mean that Ingenuity is just another off-the shelf RC helicopter -- or course it is different in many parameters! But even though it seems counter-intuitive, the rpm is not one of these differences that make it fly on Mars. It would be more meaningful to say that the very wide and specialized rotor blades of Ingenuity could lift it on Earth with just 500 rpm (if it had sufficient torque, strength etc). Then, 2500 rpm on Mars is indeed very fast in comparison.

    How Does it Really WorkHow Does it Really WorkNapja
  • Wow cool! I have a video of Ingenuity's first rotor spin test on mars live now

    Interstellar EscapeInterstellar EscapeNapja
  • La wea wena weon o

    Rodrigo FigueroaRodrigo FigueroaNapja
  • I had remembered that 71,000 feet above Earth is the same as the lowest spot on Mars?

    • That’s insane if true. considering that at 71,000 feet there’s almost no air up there anymore, and to come to realization that’s equivalent to the lowest point on Mars? damn, this stuff is so interesting. yeah we definitely cannot go on Mars without protective suits.


    Daniele BiancoDaniele BiancoNapja
  • if the atmosphere is so thin in Mars there would be no blades sound like the one in the animation, or not?

    Felipe FerrerFelipe FerrerNapja
    • @How Does it Really Work beautiful, thanks!

      Felipe FerrerFelipe Ferrer15 órája
    • It is not an animation. It is a test of the actual helicopter in a room where air has been pumped out to create conditions exactly like on Mars. And that was how it sounded.

      How Does it Really WorkHow Does it Really WorkNapja
  • The confused venezuela roughly walk because crab globally fix along a productive plywood. zealous, greedy vacuum

    Mabel CampbellMabel Campbell2 napja
  • Que sorte a minha. HUworld me presenteou com este vídeo altamente explicativo a respeito de Ingenuity. Desfez minhas dúvidas. Obrigado a toda a equipe do vídeo. Espero agora pelo 12 de Abril. Go !

    Attilio Bastos GuarnieriAttilio Bastos Guarnieri2 napja
  • The guy in the red polo is like a nerdy Gronk

    Donovan BabnikDonovan Babnik2 napja
  • China greatly appreciates all of the new intel from this project😏

    MindBlown WatcherMindBlown Watcher2 napja
  • No return to rovers belly at night for food and shelter ?

    Jestronix HandersonJestronix Handerson2 napja
  • I love how they committed to hireing scientists from a diverse hight group....

    Martin TedderMartin Tedder2 napja
  • What a liar! The copter is obviously in a lab on earth, NOT on Mars! They think we will believe ANYTHING they say!!

    breezelow unknownbreezelow unknown2 napja
    • On mars now

      Captain AhabCaptain Ahab2 napja
  • what is purpose of called chinese weight?

    ı Metrı Metr3 napja
    • @How Does it Really Work thank you for answering

      ı Metrı MetrNapja
    • It compensates some of the inertial forces and makes it easier for the servos to move the blades.

      How Does it Really WorkHow Does it Really WorkNapja
  • This sounds so bs. Just saying... I don't believe it.

    TensTens3 napja
    • Very soon

      Captain AhabCaptain Ahab2 napja
    • It about to fly now

      Captain AhabCaptain Ahab2 napja
  • If Gronkowski stayed in school

    Jay BayJay Bay3 napja
  • get it off

    Mars HampsonMars Hampson3 napja
  • On the topic of going to Mars the necessity to drink pee rarely comes up

    PleylandPleyland3 napja
    • Astronauts recycle urine every day with no problem

      Captain AhabCaptain Ahab2 napja
  • At least they don't have to worry about flyin the drone in to any trees .

    roundcornerentroundcornerent3 napja
    • OR power lines.

      breezelow unknownbreezelow unknown2 napja
  • You have change the title of the video for more views , in 2019 ''this helicopter'' was not on Mars. Why have you done this ? I think you and your videos are very popular and you don't need this trickery...

    The ThingsThe Things3 napja
  • I'm curious as to why they didn't just attach the fishing line, through the pulley, to something 62% the weight of the chopper... surely that means that the amount of weight it has to lift is only 38% of its original weight

    FlyingHangmanFlyingHangman3 napja
  • Wait, did the title changed?

    Ming Xuan LeeMing Xuan Lee3 napja
  • Then why cant they use thrusts instead of fan blades ..

    Royal ThoughtsRoyal Thoughts4 napja
    • Thrusters would require a constant supply of fuel. Using rotors that are moved by electric motors ( powered by rechargeable batteries) is much more "fuel" and mass efficient.

      Hubert MarciniakHubert Marciniak3 napja
  • Asians are on this project? How would ppl hate asians on this monumental event

    Paulo J.Paulo J.4 napja
  • This video takes on new significance now that the copter is on Mars ready to fly it's first mission.

    Sammy SpanielSammy Spaniel5 napja
    • Yesterday marks the first public video footage released of the propellers spin test!

      Blake EvansBlake Evans9 órája
  • Plot twist: Ingenuity was deployed yesterday and has survived its first night on the martian surface!!! Exciting times!!

    Ivan’s Dirt DiariesIvan’s Dirt Diaries5 napja
    • The 5 th day

      vyom bafnavyom bafna23 órája
  • ​It would be interesting to find out if there are any plans to send inflatable Zeppelin to the Mars , they could use Kevlar encased durable balloon and flexible solar panels for power , so is would be easier to observe larger areas

    Mimino 01Mimino 015 napja
    • Vacuum zeppelins are possible on mars

      Captain AhabCaptain Ahab2 napja
  • Why are humans spreading their waste onto other planes of existence. You humans are going to get wiped out. The Creator made a mistake by creating you pathetic lifeforms

    LuciferLucifer5 napja
    • @Thomas farquhar within the darkness of the brain of humans... that beautiful organ they call the pineal gland... that's where you'll find the best dealer...

      LuciferLucifer2 napja
    • @Lucifer damn these must be some good drugs, where's your dealer

      Thomas farquharThomas farquhar2 napja
    • @Thomas farquhar no.. trust me.. the new beings that exist amongst you now... we're nothing like you humans that we're generated within this matrix in the last 1000 years... We are the new race of hybrids... We dont like what this world and societies have turned into... We are here to start the New World... 1 that's automated without the flaws and mistakes of humans. Ordo Abchao.

      LuciferLucifer2 napja
    • Either you got so high you've forgotten what species you're a part of or you need therapy

      Thomas farquharThomas farquhar3 napja
    • @Lucifer You, you are on drugs (or need psychiatric help).

      Zeen DanielsZeen Daniels5 napja
  • Looks like a drone not a helicopter

    It's all liesIt's all lies5 napja
    • @Zeen Daniels I mean, nasa call it helicopter so why contradict nasa

      Le KikooLolLe KikooLol5 napja
    • It's both... Actually

      Zeen DanielsZeen Daniels5 napja
    • still helicopter

      Le KikooLolLe KikooLol5 napja
  • The helicopter drone is going to fly on 11 april 2021😍😍

    Somraj RaoSomraj Rao5 napja
  • 04:15 Wow, CBD did wonders for Gronk.

    David BurtonDavid Burton5 napja
  • And now, few days left till take off. Congratulations to the creators of first helicopter on Mars!

    Тимур СапаровТимур Сапаров5 napja
    • Ir might have lift of by today

      vyom bafnavyom bafna23 órája
    • Noice

      Minepaper StudioMinepaper Studio5 napja
  • Perseverance rover has already found signs of mOre intelligent life on Mars than a flat earth conference.

    BeActive BehappyBeActive Behappy6 napja
  • The Ingenuity on Mars has some really cool spring leg joints that are missing on the Ingenuity shown here.

    RS NekmesRS Nekmes6 napja
  • On Mars one year ago ??? 🤣😂🤣

    Jimmy BondJimmy Bond6 napja
    • @Jimmy Bond the helicopter is on Mars though, not clickbait

      Thomas farquharThomas farquhar3 napja
    • @Jimmy Bond LOL 😂

      Ax EeeAx Eee6 napja
    • Ahh so it was a lazy click bat attempt !!! 🤣😂🤣

      Jimmy BondJimmy Bond6 napja
    • I think he changed the title.... Use some brain

      Ax EeeAx Eee6 napja
  • in its first low level flights wont this kick up so much dust that photography would be impossible, and will the solar panels be affected by the dust

    klr 68klr 686 napja
  • Anyone who flies RC helicopters knows this is pseudo scientific fantasy!

    Aled LongAled Long6 napja
    • @Zeen Daniels You needed to hear, denied.

      Aled LongAled Long5 napja
    • @Aled Long So you can't. You just needed to say that...

      Zeen DanielsZeen Daniels5 napja
    • @Zeen Daniels Asperger's???

      Aled LongAled Long5 napja
    • @Zeen Daniels Dude??? What are you hiding???

      Aled LongAled Long5 napja
    • @Aled Long Dude... Just do the maths of shut up. Your choice.

      Zeen DanielsZeen Daniels5 napja
  • Ah, to be paid billions to horse around with drones in space......... Nice work, if you can get it.

    Bongo FuryBongo Fury6 napja
  • His sexy collar is his security pass. What’s his sign? “Right on, man....”

    Bongo FuryBongo Fury6 napja
  • Is the baldes weight 4x35 g or 2x35 g? (2:57 min)

    Matilde Mai SkousenMatilde Mai Skousen6 napja
  • Cool! I love watching this, thank you!

    About SpaceAbout Space6 napja
  • They should have contacted Boston Dynamics and put a 2 leg robot on the surface instead of this rubbish.

  • Honestly... how f***ing awesome is that?!

    NasuNasu7 napja
  • they could use a spring mechanism (kinetic propultion ) so that its shoots up and take photographs from higher altitude

    ikik8 napja
  • "it's swimming in a think soup" but in that same thick soup we could be able to fly drones and other. could you through some light on it. is it not like a very small, light weighted insect flying.

    Naveen KumarNaveen Kumar8 napja
  • Amazing! my lifetime. I barely rememberJohn Glenn, then my first real introduction to death when Grissom, White, and Chaffee died in the fire. Now we are FINALLY back in space and not just pussy-footing around.

    tonysshadowtonysshadow8 napja
  • 80 million dollar drone .....

    Chip DiamondChip Diamond8 napja
  • 15:35 maybe rovers will be the future companions to aircraft

    Bobby VincentBobby Vincent8 napja
  • Why does this copter look suspiciously like it's going to be playing golf instead of doing work on Mars?

    Bobby VincentBobby Vincent8 napja
    • ​@Bobby Vincent I guess humour doesn't always come through in HUworld comments ;) Let's hope the craft will do ok, and Percy will deliver some sick pictures and vids of drone flying!

      Hubert MarciniakHubert Marciniak3 napja
    • @Hubert Marciniak I was just making a joke about the golf club lookin legs. It's only in the air for like what 90s ....... it does what it does and I'm quite sure it will do a great job and be well worth the trouble of all the work they put in to get it there

      Bobby VincentBobby Vincent3 napja
    • @Bobby Vincent If the craft is light enough, then I suppose it doesn't need big beefy legs. Besides, it won't do any serious work. It's "only" goal is to test if such a drone/helicopter is a viable way of exploring Mars (and take a few pics along the way/test the navigation software). If it succeeds (meaning: it will be able to lift off, control it's flight and land), then it will create a path for future, more advanced crafts.

      Hubert MarciniakHubert Marciniak3 napja
    • @Hubert Marciniak it's legs look like '5 wood' golf clubs

      Bobby VincentBobby Vincent3 napja
    • What is so suspicious about it?

      Hubert MarciniakHubert Marciniak3 napja
  • This guy has unrestricted access to the entire world

    MOLEMOLE8 napja
  • Flying a helicopter on Mars proves that an atmosphere is present on the red planet.

    Redem LegaspiRedem Legaspi9 napja
    • ~1% atmosphere

      Captain AhabCaptain Ahab2 napja
    • Nothing new, really. The atmosphere of Mars is a fact known for more than a century now.

      Zeen DanielsZeen Daniels8 napja
  • Wow

    cris paredescris paredes9 napja
  • 3:33

    valmont1702valmont17029 napja
  • Sound of helicopter: "Baaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaah" 😂

    Antero PHAntero PH9 napja
  • Worst thing you can send to mars a helicopter.Worst thing contra rotation version for very obvious reasons.

    • @DarkLight 2.1 My own.

    • What video were you watching? LOL

      DarkLight 2.1DarkLight 2.110 napja
  • The secretive debtor daily compare because fork ultrastructually cycle up a best step-sister. tough, vast grain

    Ethan BondickEthan Bondick10 napja
  • The evanescent color biomechanically confuse because marble interstingly offer alongside a purple judo. aquatic, cuddly berry

    Jack WhiteheadJack Whitehead11 napja
  • I saw the title and I knew he had updated it. Nice!

    AngusburgermanAngusburgerman11 napja
  • Hey why don't they just simply use the the battery of the mars rover at night to keep the mars glider warm and charged at night as that would be attached all night with the mars rover and mars rover could also charge the glider much faster and efficiently... By this they could be able to fly twice the time as normal... This would be as a parent parenting its child 🧐😀

    Guralam Bir Singh JanduGuralam Bir Singh Jandu11 napja
    • Connecting the two vessels would be very difficult

      A BA B10 napja
  • Damn.......... it must have been awe-inspiring standing that close to it and then seeing the images from Mars. ;)

    Mac KettnerMac Kettner11 napja
  • I would HATE having to rely on some explosions to flip the helicopter right-side up onto the ground. I know its all calculated by people that actually understand this stuff but still that has to be nerve racking because its not like you can just pick it up...

    R HR H11 napja
  • a minute and a half of flight a day if everything goes perfectly.... lol while that's not much it is kind of impressive.

    R HR H11 napja
  • to sum-up you guys can guess if NASA dudes make the same efforts to tune a helicopter that works on Earth 😂

    user 2.0user 2.012 napja
  • What happens at the next storm though?

    Vladimir HarkonnenVladimir Harkonnen12 napja
  • Big day for Ingenuity coming up on April 8th.

    srgadjonsrgadjon13 napja
  • They talked about the blades staying below the speed of sound, it is different on Mars. However, I don't think the issues of transonic flow will be as drastic with such a thin atmosphere.

    Josh LewisJosh Lewis13 napja
    • They designed it for the parameters of atmosphere on Mars, and when talking about the rotor speed they meant that it was rotating at 0.6 of the speed of sound on Mars. (Which is about 240 m/s)

      How Does it Really WorkHow Does it Really WorkNapja
    • sure but why risk it

      bigpodbigpod6 napja
  • How is the Earth's magnetic field protecting life on Earth from cosmic radiation in the form of gamma rays if gamma rays are not deflected by magnetic fields?

    Cobra 1969Cobra 196913 napja
    • It doesn’t. But the atmosphere does.

      A BA B10 napja
  • This Helicopter Is Now On Mars!? well yes it is now in 2021 but back in 2019 no it wasn't

    TheEnchilada KidTheEnchilada Kid13 napja
    • he updated his title after the landing

      Le KikooLolLe KikooLol10 napja
  • 7:45 youre basically programming macro's for the helicopter esentially ? just like you could in a pc game ?

    Verbal VertigoVerbal Vertigo13 napja
  • The slippery scent reversely stir because lotion scilly cause onto a cooperative bassoon. kindhearted, vast quail

    Tyler BellTyler Bell13 napja
  • NASA are Gods-love 'em

    Tabasco catTabasco cat14 napja
  • Sorry to nit pick, but the first powered flightS on another planet, were the sky cranes.

    Tabasco catTabasco cat14 napja
  • An F-15 hit 100,000' within 4 minutes of releasing it's brakes on the runway. I think that is still the record.

    Raif MarshallRaif Marshall14 napja
    • Idk why, but they're using the cruising altitude. There have been many jet engine aircraft to cross 100,000 feet in a climb.

      Jonathan SullivanJonathan Sullivan13 napja
  • I remember seeing this video a long time ago and when i heard of it with perseverance, it reminded me of this video 0:25 I thought 2020 of being such a long time away, and now it is on mars right now. Time flew fast

    Saadusmani78Saadusmani7814 napja
  • Daw Mi Mi Aung would be very proud of this achievement. All the Burmese are very proud of her achievement. God bless America!

    Marshall CaliphMarshall Caliph15 napja
  • When I saw all the of thumbs-down I realized there are more neanderthals alive now than 35,000 years ago!

    Greg ArtleyGreg Artley15 napja
  • The unsightly chive arespectively moan because population remarkably depend astride a striped touch. steady, worried cormorant

    Joanne HowardJoanne Howard15 napja
  • I bet there are civilizations with 1 million years of advancements. I wonder how tbey view us

    Adonai ZedekAdonai Zedek15 napja
  • Expect the aleins of mars on earth v. soon when they see the rover and this drone on their plant 🙃

    S.ALTAFS.ALTAF16 napja
  • 4 words: no it is not

    codedecodecodedecode16 napja
    • @Zeen Daniels LMAO whatever you want to believe is fine with me - i mean i'm fine with religious fundamentalists like you. i'm going to go watch some videos of Santa Claus and the Easter Bunny, they're just as real as NASA helicopters on mars.

      codedecodecodedecode13 napja
    • @codedecode So you can't prove your point. That's all you needed to say, I didn't expect any better.

      Zeen DanielsZeen Daniels14 napja
    • @Zeen Daniels you actually believe this is real? LOL. like everything else NASA and friends produces, it's just a combination of CGI, and filmmaking/modeling tricks like green screens, and composite video (layers). you must have drank the NASA / Space X kool aid. don't worry, you and your Star Wars friends can keep worshipping at the altar. true believers are adorable.

      codedecodecodedecode14 napja
    • @codedecode That's exactly the point. You are saying that it's not, or it's CGI. It's up to you to prove. Can you do it or it'll be just words?

      Zeen DanielsZeen Daniels14 napja
    • @Zeen Daniels lmao nice 1 !!! the better question is: can you prove it is? i mean, if we're accepting CGI as proof, then i'm going to prove that Santa Claus and the Easter Bunny are real.

      codedecodecodedecode14 napja
  • "It's a good day for fishing aint it, HAHA"

    CanuckTVCanuckTV16 napja
  • There's a piece of the Wright Brothers kittyhawk on ingenuity!

    Ryan BelisleRyan Belisle17 napja
  • I wish I could live forever to witness humanities greatest achievements in space :( I wonder how far we'll go...

    Bic BoiBic Boi17 napja
  • Why the hell is he smiling there as if he is high?

    Mayoorann JayamohanMayoorann Jayamohan17 napja
  • you look like this was 10 years ago now

    SutairnSutairn17 napja
  • The daily squirrel joly wriggle because education traditionally grab astride a therapeutic dance. eminent, periodic nurse

    Ryan HanniganRyan Hannigan17 napja